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False Codling Moth FAQs

What Does False Codling Moth (FCM) Look Like?

Adult false codling moths are small, brownish-gray moths with an average wingspan of about 5/8 inches.

When was the First Adult False Codling Moth Found in the United States?

The first detection in the United States was in Ventura County, California in 2008.

What Types of Plants Does the False Codling Moth Infest?

False codling moth feeds on more than 100 host plants, including avocado, banana, bean, citrus, cotton, corn, fig, grape, mango, peach, pecan, tomato and walnut.

How Does False Codling Moth Spread?

Infestations that occur near fruit harvest may not be detected and may then be unknowingly exported. Other methods of spread are on plants sold through nurseries, green waste and conveyances.

What Kind of Damage Can the False Codling Moth Cause?

False codling moth burrows into fruit during the caterpillar stage, allowing for the introduction and growth of bacteria and other microorganisms in the fruit. Infested fruit generally drops before harvest. Environmental effects could also result from increased pesticide use and FCM feeding on native plants.

Where is the False Codling Moth Currently Found in the United States?

The false codling moth is not currently found in the United States. For a map showing high risk areas, visit the Pest Tracker.

Are Quarantine and Eradication in Place for False Codling Moth?

There are no current Federal quarantine or eradication programs in place for false codling moth. You can see the Pest Tracker for a general overview of high risk areas.

What Can We Do?

Do not bring or mail fresh fruits, vegetables, plants or soil into the United States or your state unless agricultural inspectors have cleared them. Never remove fresh produce from your property when your area is under quarantine for any pest. It's also important to cooperate with any quarantine restrictions or rules that might be imposed because of a false codling moth find in your area, and allow authorized agricultural workers access to your property to inspect fruit and traps for signs of an infestation.