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Oriental Fruit Fly FAQs

What Does the Oriental Fruit Fly (OFF) Look Like?

The Oriental fruit fly body color is variable but generally bright yellow with a dark "T" shaped marking on the abdomen. The wings are clear.

Where is the Oriental Fruit Fly Currently Found in the United States?

There is an Oriental fruit fly quarantine in California and Hawaii. A new population was found in the Sacramento area in 2010. For a map showing current quarantines and high risk areas, visit the Pest Tracker.

When Was Oriental Fruit Fly First Found in the United States?

The Oriental fruit fly was first found in Hawaii in the mid 1940s. It was found on the U.S. mainland in Florida in 2002.

Where is the Oriental Fruit Fly Currently Found in the United States?

An Oriental fruit fly population was found in the Sacramento area in 2010. For a map showing high risk areas, visit the Pest Tracker.

What Types of Plants Does the Oriental Fruit Fly Infest?

Oriental fruit fly is known to attack more than 230 fruits and vegetables, including pears, plums, cherries, peaches, apricots, figs, citrus and tomatoes.

What Kind of Damage Can the Oriental Fruit Fly Cause?

Oriental fruit fly causes damage by infesting fruit, vegetables and nuts with eggs, which hatch into larvae (maggots) and make the food unfit for human consumption. As the larvae develop and feed on the pulp, the fruit decays and falls to the ground, thereby destroying the crop.

Are Quarantine and/or Eradication Programs in Place for the Oriental Fruit Fly?

A Federal quarantine for the Oriental fruit fly is in place in California and Hawaii. The most current eradication and quarantine projects can be viewed at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/fruit_flies/quarantine.shtml. For a map showing current quarantines and high risk areas, visit the Pest Tracker.

What Methods are Used to Control the Oriental Fruit Fly Population?

Eradication via male attractant technique (MAT) is the standard treatment technique for Oriental fruit fly. If larvae, mated females or numerous males are detected, additional ground treatments may be required. For more information on pest management techniques, visit the Pest Management page.

What Can We Do?

Do not bring or mail fresh fruits, vegetables, plants or soil into the U.S. or your state unless agricultural inspectors have cleared them. Never remove fresh produce from your property when your area is under Oriental fruit fly quarantine. It's also important to allow authorized agricultural workers access to your property to inspect fruit and traps for signs of an infestation.