REPORT the
Oriental Fruit Fly

Oriental Fruit Fly

The Oriental fruit fly is a threat to many fruits and vegetables. Don't move non-inspected fruit and vegetables.

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Photo Credits

The Oriental Fruit Fly (Bactrocera dorsalis) is a destructive agricultural pest in many parts of the world. It is a tropical species that is widespread through much of the mainland of Southern Asia and neighboring islands. Oriental fruit fly was first found in Hawaii in the mid-1940s. It was found on the U.S. mainland in Florida in 2002. It is known to attack more than 230 fruits and vegetables, including apricots, cherries, citrus, figs, peaches, pears, plums and tomatoes.

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QUICK FACTS

Where Is the Threat?

What's at Risk?

Oriental fruit flies attack more than 230 types of fruits and vegetables. The host list includes:

  • Apple

  • Apricot

  • Avocado

  • Banana

  • Bell pepper

  • Cactus

  • Cashew

  • Cherry

  • Chili

  • Cucumber

  • Date palm

  • Fig

  • Grape

  • Grapefruit

  • Guava

  • Lemon

  • Lime (Persian, sour and sweet)

  • Mandarin

  • Mango

  • Nectarine

  • Orange

  • Papaya

  • Peach

  • Pear

  • Persimmon

  • Plum

  • Pomegranate

  • Tangerine

  • Tomato

  • Walnut (California black and English)

Source of the Threat

  • Fresh produce, fruit and vegetables brought into California without inspection.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Visible adult flies: somewhat larger than a house fly, the body color is variable but generally bright yellow with a dark "T" shaped marking on the abdomen. The wings are clear. The female has a pointed slender ovipositor to deposit eggs under the skin of host fruit.

  • Visible larvae within infested fruit: legless, white to yellowish-white, and grow to a length of 0.4 (or 2/5) inches inside the host fruit

What You Can Do












What You Can Do

  • Do not bring or mail fresh fruits, vegetables, plants into your state or another state unless agricultural inspectors have cleared them first.

  • When returning from international travel, declare all agricultural products to U.S. customs officials. Learn more at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/travel/.

  • Never remove fresh produce from your property if your area is under Oriental fruit fly quarantine.

  • Cooperate with all quarantine restrictions or rules that might be imposed.

  • Allow authorized agricultural workers access to property to install and inspect insect-monitoring traps.

  • Know the quarantines in your area and learn to leave Hungry Pests behind.